DON'T LOSE FOCUS ON THE ENVIRONMENTFriday 17 February
What businesses think sustainability is has widened into a whole range of interconnected social and environmental issues, but it is important not to lose sight of our carbon emissions reduction target. Being asked what #SustainabilityIs provides a timely opportunity to reflect on the evolution of how people in construction use the word today, and how the concept has matured over the past decade. There was certainly a time, not that long ago when people said sustainability’ and they meant environment’, and there are some people in our industry who still see these terms as synonymous. However, following the steady uptake of the triple bottom line’ concept from the late 90s onwards, businesses have not only started thinking about their social and environmental risks, opportunities and responsibilities, but they have also begun to understand how social and environmental issues are interconnected with financial performance, and they therefore need to be considered as part of a core business offering rather than something peripheral. A wider approach to sustainability As a result, these days most companies have a much wider understanding of what they think of as sustainability. For example, at Skanska, we embrace a broader sustainability approach by focussing on the five sustainability headlines where we can make the most significant positive contributions: health and safety, diversity and inclusion, ethics, environment, and community investment. We have a long list of sustainability leadership projects under these five headlines that are all interconnected, and all important to Skanska’s core business: healthy buildings and the performance gap, employee health and wellbeing, diversity and inclusion, ethics and conduct, social return on investment, community engagement, resilient design, low carbon solutions, energy efficiency, biodiversity, natural capital, and the steps to circular economy! Lots of important and exciting challenges, and we put resources into driving these issues forward together precisely because sustainability is broad and interconnected. Many other organisations in our sector have an equally holistic approach to sustainability, often sliced in slightly different ways to fit the nature of each organisation and its individual context. So, quite rightly, sustainability has become a complex concept that is about businesses interweaving responses to environmental and social issues into the mechanisms of their business models. Keeping focused on carbon But whilst I see this broadening of sustainability as a really good thing, because it reflects a better understanding of the interconnectedness of issues affecting businesses, people and our planet, I also think we must be careful not to let the still huge and unsolved challenge of hitting our construction carbon emissions reduction targets become overshadowed by broader and sometimes more exciting sustainability issues. Our industry is buildings, houses, roads, railways, airports, pipes, tunnels and bridges. And yes it is also increasingly about how these assets interconnect in smart ways, and about how they improve the lives of people using them. But creating each one of these assets often means paying a significant capital carbon cost and currently, each asset when complete tends to facilitate further ongoing carbon emissions through operation and use. So, whilst it’s a genuinely great thing that the broadening of our approach to sustainability reflects the increasing maturity of our industry, let’s not forget that one of the largest global sustainability challenges is also one of the largest built environment sustainability challenges: emissions. Though carbon is only one amongst many important sustainability issues, it should still be a priority, not least because low carbon solutions and increased energy efficiency often leads to cost efficiency as well. The carbon challenge is not new or exciting, in fact it’s very difficult. That’s why the world’s governments came together to achieve the COP21 Paris Agreement. That’s why the UK Government has committed to a legally binding target to reduce emissions by at least 80% from 1990 levels by 2050. That’s why emissions reduction is one of the four key objectives of the Construction 2025 strategy and will play a key part in any new industrial strategy. So it turns out that sustainability is still about environment’, it’s about emissions, and it’s not a challenge that can wait any longer; #SustainabilityIs now. Follow on twitter @SkanskaUKplc www.skanska.co.uk Article originally published as Ecobuild Comment in Building magazine, 17 February 2017.